Studying Ecosystem, Environmental, and Climate Changes using Stable Isotopes

For general understanding:

  • Stable Isotope Geochemistry (Jochen Hoefs, Springer)
  • Principles of Stable Isotope Geochemistry (Zachary Sharp, University of New Mexico)
  • Isotopes: Principles and Applications (Gunter Faure and Teresa M. Mensing, Wiley)
  • Stable Isotope Ecology (Brian Fry, Springer)

Water cycles:

  • Isoscapes (Jason West, Gabriel J. Bowen, Todd E. Dawson, and Kevin P. Tu, Springer)
  • Environmental Isotopes in Hydrogeology (Ian Clark and Peter Fritz, CRC Press LLC)
  • Dansgaard, W. (1964) Stable isotopes in precipitation. Tellus, XVI, 436-468.
  • Rozanski, K., Araguás-Araguás, L., Gonfiantini, R. (1993) Isotopic patterns in modern global precipitation. American Geophysical Union, Geophysical Monograph, 78, 1-35.
  • Araguás-Araguás, L., Froehlich, K., Rozanski, K. (2000) Deuterium and oxygen-18 isotope composition of precipitation and atmospheric moisture. Hydrological Processes, 14, 1341-1355.
  • Longstaffe, F.J. (2003) Isotopic methods in sedimentology. In Encyclopedia of Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks. (G.V. Middleton, Kluwer Academic Publishers) pp. 385-397.


  • Mass Spectrometry of Soils (Thomas Boutton, CRC Press)
  • Farquhar, G.D., Ehleringer, J.R., Hubick, K.T. (1989) Carbon isotope discrimination and photosynthesis, Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology, 40, 503-537.
  • Nadelhofferm, K.J. and Fry, B. (1994) Nitrogen isotope studies in forest ecosystems. In Stable Isotopes in Ecology, Chapter 2. (K. Lajtha and R. Michener, Blackwell Scientific Publications) pp. 22-44.
  • Fogel M.L. and Cifuentes, L.A. (1999) Isotope fractionation during primary production. In Organic Geochemistry (M. H. Engel and S. A. Macko, Plenum)  pp. 73-98.
  • O’Leary, M.H. (1988) Carbon isotopes in photosynthesis. BioScience, 38, 5, 328-336.
  • Tipple, B.J. and Pagani, M. (2007) The early origins of terrestrial C4 photosynthesis. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Science, 35, 435-461.
  • Oelbermann, M. and Voroney, R.P. (2007) Carbon and nitrogen in a temperate agroforestry system: Using stable isotopes as a tool to understand soil dynamics. Ecological Engineering, 29, 342-349.


Food web:

  • Ambrose, S.H. (1993) Isotopic analysis of paleodiets: Methodological and interpretive considerations
  • DeNiro, M.J. and Epstein, S. (1978) Influence of diet on the distribution of carbon isotopes in animals
  • Schoeninger, M.J. and DeNiro, M.J. (1984) Nitrogen and carbon isotopic composition of bone collagen from marine and terrestrial animals.
  • Hobson, K.A. (1999) Tracing origins and migration of wildlife using stable isotopes: a review.

Stable Isotope Mass Spectrometer (IRMS)

  • Brenna, J.T., Corso, T.N.,  Tobias, H.J., and Caimi, R.J. (1997) High-precision continuous-flow isotope ratio mass spectrometry. Mass Spectrometry Reviews, 16, 227-258.
  • Paul, D. Skrzypek, G., and Fórizs, I. (2007) Normalization of measured stable isotopic compositions to isotope reference scales – a review. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 21, 3006-3014.

EA (Elemental Analyzer)

  • Pella E., 1990a, Elemental organic analysis. Part 1:Historical Developments. American Laboratory, 22, 3, 116-125.

TCEA (High Temperature Conversion / Elemental Analyzer)

  • Gehre, M. and Strauch, G. (2003) High-temperature elemental analysis and pyrolysis techniques for stable isotope analysis. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 17, 1497-1503.

Contact Us

SIBS Lab (Dr. West or Dr. Boutton)

Department of Ecology and Conservation Biology

Texas A&M University

2258 TAMU

534 John Kimbrough Blvd

College Station, TX 77843-2258

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